In transactional analysis, the patient learns to identify three important facets of his personality that build him: the Child, the Parent, and the Adult. Facets we use to communicate with our interlocutor. The American psychiatrist Eric Berne, who established the principle of the inner child, developed this verbal-type psychotherapy in the 1950s. Transactional analysis highlights a grid of our "transactions", it that is to say the exchanges that we have with our entourage, and allows to improve our relations by a work which is articulated essentially around the speech, and the expression of the emotions if need.
Driven by the desire to make psychology accessible to a wide audience, the American psychiatrist Eric Berne, developed in 1956 his own conception of analysis. Inspired in particular by the work of the psychoanalyst Federn, to whom we owe the concept of a "me" state, Berne proposes an original theory of personality and communication. This doctor's main goal is the rapid healing of patients. It is in this perspective that he focuses his research to make the treatment more operational. In addition, it emphasizes the responsibility of the person, both in the establishment of its history and in its ability to change. By postulating the fundamentally positive nature of man, he integrates into the humanist movement. Transactional analysis quickly met with great success across the Atlantic and was introduced in France in 1975 with the creation of the French Institute for Transactional Analysis.
Principle Based on a certain conception of relationship and communication, Transactional Analysis (TA) examines our interactions with our surroundings according to the three facets of our personality: the child, the parent or the child. 'adult. These three states of the "self" coexist in a person and externalize independently according to the times and circumstances.
Child status represents the life we feel, the place of our motivations and feelings. The Parent state is manifested in critical behaviors, moral judgments, and protective attitudes. The adult inquires, assesses situations, analyzes and decides. Thanks to an objective appreciation of reality, he has a rational and operative behavior.
The AT consists in diagnosing what state of the "me" intervenes in people in a relationship. Its purpose is to allow the individual to use his various aspects appropriately to regain his autonomy. This grid of reading of our behaviors, gives a better understanding of oneself and improves the communication with others, as well in the personal as professional frame.
Conduct of a session
From the first session, the patient enters into a verbal contract with his therapist, defining his goal and the means to achieve it. This contract can of course be changed, but the fact of establishing one exposes the contradictions and reluctance often at the root of the problem. The therapeutic work is done around speech, emotions and feelings; it is based on the awareness of one's own psychological functioning. The patient discovers the way in which he has structured himself and learns to identify his different ego states. Then, the therapist gives the individual new permissions. He can feel, think, act according to how he feels, not the eyes of others. The therapist accompanies and helps the patient to recover his state of natural child and to "repair" the injured child; structure an objective adult; to reinforce a positive Parent, if he was defective ... The person gradually regains self-confidence and becomes able to express the right emotion in any situation.